Civil disobedience is the active refusal to obey certain laws, demands and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power, using no form of violence. It is one of the primary methods of nonviolent resistance. In its most nonviolent form (in India, known as ahimsa or satyagraha) it could be said that it is compassion in the form of respectful disagreement.
Civil non-violent disobedience has been used by:
- Egyptians against the British occupation in the nonviolent 1919 Revolution.
- In India (Gandhi's campaigns for independence from the British Empire),
- In Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution and
- In East Germany to oust their communist dictatorships.
- In South Africa in the fight against apartheid.
- In the American Civil Rights Movement.
- In the Singing Revolutionto bring independence to the Baltic countries from the Soviet Union, and
- In the 2004 Orange Revolution
- In 2005 Rose Revolution.
And in many others social freedom movements worldwide.